Towards the transformation of Asia’s Geopolitics: Eurasian Heartland-Eastern Europe, the Trans-Caucasus, and Central Asia

10 Şubat 2020

Eurasia is a vast region, stretching from eastern Europe in the West to the Wall of China in the East. Its western parts has had a specific role in the development of geopolitical analysis. What Alfred Mackinder called struggle to control over the “pivot” in 1904 in a paper submitted to Royal Geographical Society, later came to dominate the geopolitical understanding of the great powers of the time and much later the superpowers of the Cold War era. Simply put, according to Mackinder, whoever controls the Eastern Europe controls the Heartland, moving ahead in the quest to achieve world dominance.Although later definitions came to include a much wider area, Mackinder’s original concept of “pivot” primarily included the Caucasus and Central Asia. A revised version postulated that whoever controls the “Heartland”, controls the “world island”, and whoever controls the World Island, will soon rule the world. This version included the Black Sea rim and Baltic Sea Basin and parts of modern day Russia in addition to the Caucasus and Central Asia in the definition of Heartland.

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